Costume Designer Michele Clapton Talks Hidden Messages in Metal and Outfitting an Army

Costume Designer Michele Clapton Talks Hidden Messages in Metal and Outfitting an Army

With Game of Thrones' Season 5 production well underway, costume designer Michele Clapton took a break from dressing Starks and Lannisters to participate in "Dressed to Kill: Arms and Armor From Medieval Knights to Game of Thrones," part of the Metropolitan Museum of Art's Spark Conversation Series.

Alongside artist Miya Ando and Pierre Terjanian, Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Curator in Charge of the Department of Arms and Armor, Clapton discussed the unique and nuanced process of making armor for GoT. Below, you'll find Clapton's take on the many components she factors into her creative method.

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Know Your Zhs and Qs: 5 Dothraki Speaking Tips From New York Comic-Con

Lured by the idea they'd "learn to speak like a khal," eager GoT fans crowded the New York Comic-Con panel Dothraki 101 With Language Creator David Peterson. Peterson is the linguist responsible for several of GoT's fictional languages – including High Valyrian and Dothraki, the language of the nomadic horse tribes of Essos. Peterson recently released Living Language Dothraki, a conversational language course designed to turn any new speaker into a fierce warrior… conversationally, at least. 

Peterson's Comic-Con panel functioned as a 45-minute language lesson; he walked through some basic tips, vocabulary and behind-the-scenes details. Below you'll find five rules to speak by, in Vaes Dothrak and beyond. 

1. Conquer the 'q' 

"'Q' is the hardest sound in Dothraki," Peterson explained: it's not pronounced like "q" or "k" in English. Peterson characterized the Dothraki "q" to be spoken like "a 'k' but further back in the throat." He advised putting the back of your tongue right against the uvula (the part that hangs down from the roof of your mouth). The crowd tried the sound together, resulting in a cacophony not unlike a flock of ravens caw-cawing. Peterson estimated that about 60 percent of the group had it right. "You can swallow your tongue … that is possible" Peterson cautioned, "so don't do that."

2. Nail the vowels 

A good way to prove your mastery of a second language? Get the vowels right. In Dothraki, vowels are always pronounced separately. As an example, Peterson presented the word "soaiso," pronounced: so-a-i-so and meaning "drunk." As another example, Peterson offered a five-syllable traditional Dothraki greeting, "m'attchomaroon." The literal translation is "with respect," which Peterson noted is "how you greet somebody if you don’t want to get killed."

3. Don't get intimidated 

Some Dothraki letter combinations will throw off the actors, particularly if they are pronounced differently than in English. "Zh" is one such example; luckily, Peterson has a trick for Dothraki novices – "s" is to "z" as "sh" is to "zh." The result is a sound similar to garage or genre or measure. "Kh" is another tricky combo. "We kind of get freaked out about this," Peterson said, "but this sound does exist in English." He cited an expression of exasperation, "hugh." One audience member documented the experience: 

4. Gather the necessary supplies

Peterson recalled the study habits of his pupil Jason Momoa, the actor who played Khal Drogo. After receiving multiple .mp3 files from Peterson of a speech he had to learn, Momoa "freaked out … got a six-pack of beer, ordered a pizza, and took it back to his hotel room," revealed Peterson. "All night he just listened to the speech over and over again." The result? "Man," Peterson marveled, "did he nail it."

5. Know the classics

Given their distinct culture, the Dothraki have several go-to expressions. Here are the ones to perfect:

Me nem nesa
The most famous expression. It means, "It is known."

Yer shekh ma shieraki anni.
Spoken to a male, this means, "You are my sun and my stars."

Yer jalan atthirari anni.
Spoken to a female, this expression means, "You are the moon of my life." 

This expression means "cheers," "goodbye," "be awesome" – and finally, "be strong" 


All Men Must Drink, Including Pedro Pascal

Pedro Pascal Valar Morghulis.jpg

Pedro Pascal was on hand for the ceremonial tapping of Ommegang Brewery's latest collaboration with 'Game of Thrones,' Valar Morghulis Dubbel Ale. Pascal poured the first glass and pronounced it "delicious."

Pascal went with a similar turn of phrase when asked to describe what Oberyn Martell would be like as a drink. "Rich, delicious ... and a little dangerous," he offered. "A good poison." Pascal hospitably poured and served Valar Morghulis to the many who flocked around the bar at the Wired Lounge on Thursday afternoon. 

As for his ideal GOT drinking buddy, the actor named Tyrion Lannister. "Tyrion and I would have been buddies," Pascal theorized about what could have been. "We would have gotten into a lot of trouble together and a lot of it would have included beer and wine."

The event was also an opportunity for a selection of GOT fans to meet the actor as well as sample the beer, which hits stores in September.


Rory McCann Still Knows All the Moves From the Hound's Big Battle

Rory McCann Still Knows All the Moves From the Hound's Big Battle

Sandor “The Hound” Clegane traveled a long road this season, journeying across the kingdoms with Arya Stark, while at the same time evolving from cold-blooded killer to Arya’s ally. talked to Rory McCann about the Hound's brawl with Brienne, getting bitten, and teaching Arya only too well. 

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